Strategic Human Resource Planning

Linda Chingosho

Human Resource Planning (hereafter “HRP”) is one of the first goals of the human resources management (hereafter, “HRM”) team, as it aims to formulate a way to seek and retain the best personnel to fit current and future vacancies in the organization.  In determining the best strategy to employ, the HR team needs to consider the overall goal and vision of the organization and its business culture (Bowen, Ledford, & Nathan, 1991).

This will determine who, how many and of what skill caliber will be required to contribute to the achievement of the company’s goals and vision (Kleiman, 2011).  Besides considering the goal of the company, employers must recognize the needs of the potential hires in order to create a work environment that will encourage retention of these employees.

Some of these needs are:

  • Family oriented (leave days, maternity leave, child care)
  • Career oriented (development of skills)  (Kleiman, 2011)

In determining this, the leader can use HRM planning to attract and also retain suitable candidates in a win-win situation.


To find the best strategy to employ, planning involves considering several aspects. This is because every potential employee comes from a different cultural and career background; they also have different career and family visions. When considering joining a firm. HRP aims to marry the goals and visions of the company, with the goals and visions of the individual. Such aspects include:

  • Economic
  • Age
  • Cultural
  • Career maturity
  • Personality
  • Family, to name a few.

Read Part 2 here


Bowen, D. E., Ledford Jr., J. E., & Nathan, B. R. (1991). Hiring for the organization, not the job.

Academy of Management Executive, 5(4). Retrieved from Business Source Complete.

Kleiman, L., S. (2011). Human resources information systems. Encyclopedia of Business. 2nd. ed. Retrieved from


Kleiman, L., S. (2011). Human resources planning. Encyclopedia of Business. 2nd. ed. Retrieved from

McClure Franklin, G., Rainsford, P., & Thomas, E. (2004) Human resource planning and policy

development: Strategies for Small Businesses. Retrieved from http://


Guest : Linda Chingosho

This article was written by Linda Chingosho, an Independent Business and Management Consultant based in Pretoria, South Africa. Linda is an MBA (Project Management) final year student with Walden University (Online) and also possesses an HND in Computer Studies (Management of Information Systems). She has lived and worked in 3 continents, successfully applying her management, scholarly, and training skills to promote various industries and individuals across the globe.

Linda can be contacted on 0843217443, or by email to






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